The open acknowledgment by the US intelligence community comes some six decades after the British- and American-backed military overthrow.
“The military coup that overthrew Mosadeq and his National Front Cabinet was carried out under CIA direction as an act of US foreign policy,” read a brief segment from an internal report by an in-house CIA historian in the mid-1970s.
The document, published on the National Security Archive website, was initially released in 1981, but most of it was blacked out at the time, including an entire section on the coup.
On August 15, 1953, the British and US intelligence agencies initiated a coup by the Iranian military (known as 28 Mordad coup), setting off a chain of events including riots in the streets of Iran’s capital, Tehran, that led to the overthrow and arrest of Mosadeq four days later.
Mosadeq, convicted of treason, served three years in prison and died under house arrest in 1967.
The Iranian premier played a key role in the country’s 1951 movement that resulted in the nationalization of Iran’s oil industry, which had been mainly controlled by the British-owned Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC), now known as BP, British Petroleum.
When worldwide sanctions against Iran’s oil industry failed to force Mosadeq to abandon the move, a plan was devised by Britain (codenamed ‘Operation Boot’) and the US (codenamed TPAJAX Project) to overthrow his government.
Iran MPs rap CIA-MI6 led 1953 coup
“Today, everyone knows that cutting the hands of oil-thirsty superpowers [off Iran’s oil resources] prompted these so-called advocates of democracy and freedom to topple the Iranian people’s lawful government,” the Human Rights Bloc of Iran’s Majlis said in a statement on Monday, marking the 60th anniversary of the overthrow.
Iranian lawmakers also criticized Britain for orchestrating the 1921 coup d’etat that led to the establishment of the return of Pahlavi dynasty in 1925.
Dismayed by the Qajar Dynasty in Iran, British officials put former Iranian dictator Reza Pahlavi on the throne in February 1921 by providing his troops with ammunition, supplies and financial aid to help them seize control of the capital city, Tehran.
In 1953 Britain’s secret intelligence agency MI6 and the United States’ Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) organized a coup to remove Mosadeq, reinstalling and supporting the increasingly brutal regime of the Shah (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi) until its collapse in 1979.
Citing the US and UK’s present interferences in the internal affairs of Egypt, Bahrain, Syria and Afghanistan and their support for the Israeli regime, the Iranian lawmakers said Washington and London are the same old imperialists even if they change their approaches.
The MPs vent their anger towards the White House and the Ten Dawning Street as August 19 marks the anniversary of the US-UK backed coup.